Health & Wellness, Ohana, Ophthalmology

Healthy Food for Healthy Eyes

Saag Paneer ingredients

What foods are good for your eyes? Patients always ask if dietary changes will help improve cataracts and macular degeneration. And, while a healthy diet cannot reverse these changes, it may be able to help prevent macular degeneration and cataracts from becoming significant. Research suggests that a diet rich in antioxidants may be linked to a lower risk for eye diseases. One recent large study found that people whose diets were high in lutein and zeaxanthin were at lower risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and of progression to advanced AMD, the vision-threatening form. Another large study found that people with high lutein and zeaxanthin dietary intake were at lower risk for cataracts.

Lutein and zeaxanthin are found in dark, green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale and collard greens. The yolks of eggs also contain lutein. The antioxidants are also present in yellow and orange vegetables and fruits, like sweet potatoes, carrots and peaches. National health organizations recommend from five to 13 servings of vegetables and fruits per day, depending on age and gender. One serving equals one cup of salad greens, or one half a cup cooked vegetables or cut fruit, or one medium-size piece of fruit, or six ounces of juice.

So far, the jury is still out as to whether high dietary levels or supplements of these substances prevent or just slow the progression of age-related eye diseases. More than one study has shown that vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients found in food offer advantages that are not available in pill form. Still, eating fresh, whole foods supports a person’s general health, and taking a balanced multivitamin supplement is usually considered a good general health “insurance” practice.

Below are a couple recipes from our family to yours, to maximize your intake of spinach, kale and collard greens.

For the kitchen-challenged amongst you, I give you smoothies. Anyone can make a smoothie. Look, even my daughter is helping out!

print recipeKale Smoothie (Our 2 year old drinks this!)

Ingredients:

  • 2 stems of kale
  • 1 cup of orange juice
  • 1 cup of frozen peaches
  • 1 cup of frozen pineapples
  • 1 6 ounce cup of yogurt (we use blueberry because it was in the fridge)
  • 5 ice cubes

Directions:

Blend together and serve

Now, I am not a huge kale fan, or at least I wasn’t. But, my mother-in-law made this salad and it fast became one of my favorites. The recipe is originally from her friend Joan Namkoong.

 

print recipeKale Salad

 

Ingredients:

  • Fresh kale
  • Sliced red onion
  • Kalamata or picholine olives, pitted and halved
  • Dried cranberries
  • Walnuts, broken into pieces
  • Balsamic dressing

Directions:

Use a mixture of regular kale, Red Russian kale, lacinato or other varieties and try to get young (small leaves) kale which is more tender.  Remove the leaves from the stems as you wash it; discard stems.  Stack the leaves and cut into fine shreds.  Use about 1 cup of shredded leaves per person.  Place in a salad bowl.

Add the onion, olives, cranberries and walnuts; toss with dressing.  You can toss this ahead of time and let it sit – the kale won’t wilt like other salad greens, making this a great salad for a buffet

Balsamic dressing

Ingredients:

  • ½ cup balsamic vinegar
  • 1 cup olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon honey or sugar
  • 2 teaspoons Dijon mustard
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • ½ teaspoon black pepper

Directions:

Whisk all the ingredients together

Note:  3:1    oil : acid

Kale Salad Recipe

And, last, but not least, is a recipe for saag paneer, a North Indian dish that’s pretty popular in Indian restaurants. It combines home made cheese (I cheated and bought the paneer pre-made from the Indian store) and spinach. If you’re vegan, you can substitute extra firm tofu for the paneer. This is my mother’s recipe, so you know it’s good!!

print recipeSaag Paneer (Indian spinach-cheese curry)

Ingredients:

  • 1 bag fresh spinach (frozen spinach can be substituted)
  • 1/2 large onion, chopped
  • 1/2 medium tomato, chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, chopped
  • 1 inch ginger, finely chopped
  • 1/4 tsp turmeric
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1/2 tsp ground coriander
  • 1/2 tsp ground cumin
  • 1 tsp garam masala
  • 1 Tbsp butter
  • 1 Tbsp oil
  • 1/3 package of paneer, cut into cubes.  (Paneer is simply home made cheese and can be bought frozen in any Indian grocery store, if you don’t want to go through the trouble of making it yourself.  There’s even one here in Hawaii.  Click here for the address.

Directions:

Heat the oil in a large saucepan.  Once warm, add the ginger and garlic and cook for one minute.  Add the onion and reduce the heat to low, cooking for 5 minutes.  Then, add the salt, cumin, coriander, and turmeric to the onion-garlic mixture, cooking for about 2-3 minutes.  Next, add the tomato, cooking it for an additional 2-3 minutes until the tomato begins to soften.  Add garam masala along with 1/4 cup water and cook for 5 minutes.

Add the spinach with 1 cup of water and saute until the spinach begins to wilt, turning off the heat.  Puree the spinach mixture with a hand held blender or remove from heat and blend in a food processor.

In a separate saucepan, heat the butter and paneer, turning constantly so it does not stick to the pan.  Add a pinch of turmeric, garam masala and salt to the paneer while frying.  When golden brown, turn off the heat and combine the paneer with the spinach mixture.

Saag Paneer

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